Saturday, 5 April 2014

Unit 2-Rules for the Plural

Rules for the plurals

1- Most of nouns, to form their plural , just need an S

singular plural
a car two cars
a cassette two cassettes
a lamp two lamps
a hat two hats
a cup two cups

2- A noun finishing in X-CH-S-SS-O we have to add -es to form the plural:
singular plural
a box two boxes
a sandwich two sandwiches
a tomato two tomatoes
a kiss two kisses
a bus two buses

3- A noun finishing in y preceded by a consonant, to form the plural we need to substitute the  y with -ies:
singular plural
a city two cities
a lady two ladies
Add -s after vowel + y:
singular plural
a boy two boys
a day two days

4- Nouns finishing in -f or -fe, to form the plural we need to substitute the -f or -fe with -ves:
add -s substitute with -ves
singular plural singular plural
a roof two roofs a thief two thieves
a cliff two cliffs a wife two wives
a sheriff two sheriffs a shelf two shelves
There are two forms possible:
scarf - scarfs/scarves
hoof - hoofs/hooves
Add -s for words ending in -ff.
Always use a dictionary if you are not sure.


Irregular plural forms:
singular plural
a man two men
a woman two women
a child two children
a mouse two mice
a tooth two teeth
a goose two geese
a foot two feet
an ox two oxen

Check this out...

singular plural singular plural
a disco two discos a tomato two tomatoes
a piano two pianos a potato two potatoes
a photo two photos a hero two heroes

Some nouns can have two plural forms:

buffalo - buffalos/buffaloes
mosquito - mosquitos/mosquitoes
tornado - tornados/tornadoes

There is no rule when to use -s or -es. We often add -s with technical words.

There are two forms of the plural of the word penny:
pennies -> You refer to the coins.
pence -> You refer to the price (how much sth. is).

1 comment: